Bodybuilding is the use of gradually increasing resistance training to develop ones musculature. A person who utilizes this type of activity is known as a bodybuilder. Bodybuilding began in the late nineteenth century and was promoted by Eugen Sandow. Sandow was also known as the father of modern bodybuilding. Sandow organized the first bodybuilding contest in 1901 called the great competition. The trophy given to the winner of the great competition was a bronze statue of Sandow and was sculpted by Federick William Pomeroy. One of the most prestigious bodybuilding shows today is the Mr. Olympia.
The first Mr. Olympia was won by Larry Scott, he won the competition in 1965 and 1966. Since 1968, the winner of the Olympia has been given the same bronze statue of Sandow that he himself presented to the winner of the great competition. The first Ms. Olympia was won by Rachel Mclish in 1980.
Some of the most notable professional bodybuilders who have influenced the sport of bodybuilding are Sergio Oliva, Frank Zane, Larry Scott, Steve Reeves, Arnold Schwarzenegger, Lou Ferrigno, Lenda Murray, Cory Everson, Rachel Mclish and many more.
Natural bodybuilding is a term that encompasses a person who builds muscle but does not use performance enhancing drugs. The definition of a natural bodybuilder can vary. Arguably a natural bodybuilder would be anyone who exercises regularly. For the most part basic physical exercise causes muscle hypertrophy. It doesn’t matter if you run, swim, walk or have a physical job, you are building muscle.
A natural competitive bodybuilder competes in bodybuilding shows. These bodybuilding shows are rigorously drug tested so that all competitors are on a level playing field. Preparing for a natural bodybuilding competition involves reducing body fat while maintaining as much muscle as possible. This is achieved by decreasing your calories, strength training, and cardiovascular exercise.
Natural bodybuilding competitors are allowed to take muscle building supplements as long as they are not banned substances. Some natural supplements include proteins, vitamins/minerals and creatine etc.
Natural Bodybuilding Organizations links:
- PNBA (Professional Natural Bodybuilding Association)
- IFPA (International Fitness and Physique Association)
- WNBF (World Natural Bodybuilding Federation)
- NGA (National Gym Association)
- DFAC (Drug Free Athletes Coalition)
Natural Bodybuilding Organizations
The Organization of Competitive Bodybuilders (OCB) was founded in 2003 by Matt Shepley.
The founding principles of OCB are:
- Promoting quality bodybuilding, fitness & figure competitions in the United States.
- Providing opportunities for athletes to gain media exposure.
- Offering competitors an avenue to advance to a professional level and have the opportunity to participate in international level competition, if desired, while not having to sacrifice other opportunities that exist in the sport.
- Allowing promoters to have flexibility to produce the events they fund in the manner they feel is best, as long as they’re fair to athletes and drug testing is enforced.
The Organization of Competitive Bodybuilders drug-free policy was first established as all shows being required to conduct a form of testing. The stated period for being drug-free for shows conducting polygraph testing was 5-years, unless otherwise stated by a promoter.
North American Natural Bodybuilding Federation (NANBF)
In the early 80’s, the North American Natural Bodybuilding Association (NANBA), was founded by Jim Evans in Minnesota with a goal to promote drug tested body building shows. Through the 80’s and early 90’s, under the leadership of Jim Evans and later Lee Graese, the association became the leader in the drug free movement. The organization then changed leadership and the momentum was lost. Problems developed and the organization began to struggle. In 1994, the state chair people, regional chair people, and promoters met and decided that a new direction, and in essence, a new beginning was required. Three individuals stepped forward to head up the reorganization: Scot Dickerson from Des Moines, Iowa; Dave Cammon from Flint, MI; and Todd Mills from Omaha, NE. Under their leadership a new organization was formed and the North American Natural Bodybuilding Federation was born.
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